At the end of the 19th century, academic Historicism became obsolete. New tendencies in art and architecture were beginning to occur throughout the whole of Europe. The movements Arts and Crafts, Modernist, Art Nouveau and Jugendstil found their way from Vienna to Slovakia and developed here under the name of the Secession. There now came to the forefront a new generation of designers and architects who were not afraid to combine elements from various parts of the world, to use new materials and technologies or to use decorative and colour elements of art crafts with an emphasis on their aesthetics and functionality (St Elisabeth’s Church and High School in Bratislava, Abrahám Mansion). Secessionist art and architecture was used extensively in the construction of practical residential, public and production buildings. The designers and architects also drew inspiration from national folk architecture which was in many aspects shown to be creative and viable (Skalica Culture House).