Komárno, Fortification system

The contemporary town fortification system from the 19th century by its size belongs to the biggest fortification constructions in the world. Together with the New Fortress improving the defensive power of the old Anti-Turkish Fortress and with the pushed out bridgeheads which originally strengthened the individual fortresses located on the left river bank of the river Váh and on the right bank of the river Danube, this unified system could resist wars of conquest. Spatially massive enlargement and the creation of the exterior defence circle consisting of the gradually built Palatine and Váh bastion lines was necessary due to the threat of the Napoleon wars at the turn of 18th and 19th century and also due to war conflicts with Prussia. The Palatine fortification line is more than 3 km distant from the Old and the New Fortress; the Váh line built almost 20 years later with its fortification alongside the river Váh connects it with the New and Old Fortress into a closed system. Together with the pushed out fortresses this contemporary fortification represents a peak in the building of bastion fortifications of the new Prussian type. Bastions with long lines of fortifications surrounding the town from the north-west to south-east remain from the vast system until today. The pushed out fortresses have ceased to exist and some fortification lines had to give way to the developing town and modern transport. The ancientness of the town is also shown by the exposition of Lapidarium of Roman monuments in Bastion no. 6. It is an exhibition of the finds of antique altars and tombstones, sarcophagi, statues and architectural articles from the 1st up to 4th century AD originating from the town and its surroundings.

Heritage > National cultural monuments