Early 20th century architecture

The start of the 20th century not only brought radical changes to the political map of Europe, but also heralded a radical change in Slovak art and architecture. The Slovaks threw off the yoke of national oppression and together with the Czechs they formed a joint state, the Czechoslovak Republic. Architectural production came to form an integral part of building the new democratic country. The increasingly strong orientation towards Functionalist architecture gradually suppressed the subsiding trends of the previous periods. Intensive building activity in the towns demanded regulation plans, leading to the development of urbanism focused on the creation of modern communities for living, work and play. The principles of modern production and housing were considerably applied at the Baťa factories in their housing developments at Partizánske and Svit. The growth of the population in towns demanded the development of residential buildings which was carried out through co-operative forms of construction (Avion, Unitas and Nová Doba in Bratislava). Such development similarly took place in relation to specific-purpose public facilities, including schools, boarding-houses, hospitals, spa facilities, museums, hotels, banks and post offices. Monument production also reached a peak during this era with the creation of the General Milan Rastislav Štefánik Memorial at Bradlo.
However, this promising period of creative architectural development was violently interrupted by the Second World War.