After the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878, which meant the end of Turkish supremacy in Bulgaria, the Bulgarian government issued a bill on populating the so far sparsely inhabited Bulgarian areas. This bill made it quite easy for Bulgarians living outside the country to return and settle down there. When Banat Slovaks heard that the soil was being allotted in Bulgaria and that citizens might be given loans, some Slovaks from Padina and other towns in the Banath and in Bačka started to move to Bulgaria approximately until 1909 and settled down mostly in the Province of Pleven. Most of them came from Padina (120), Nadlak (115), Kovačica (75), Božurna (50), Hajdušice, Stara Pazova, Petrovec and other municipalities. In 1990 there were 100 Slovak families living in Gorna Mitropolia, 48 of them in Brašljan and 58 in Mrtvica (called Podem today). Some Slovak families settled down in Vojvodovo, Dolno Ezerovo, Orechovo and in Burgas. In 1910 there were 1530 Slovaks living in Bulgaria according to their mother tongue and 1553 according to their nationality (Andruska, P., 2003, p. 104).
After the 1940s and 1950s repatriation took place in Bulgaria, only a few nationally-mixed families. There were no major literary personalities or generations. But the Slovak literary context of the compatriotic literature was enriched by names of those Slovaks who for different reasons worked and published their works in Bulgaria as e.g. Samuel J. Zachej, Jan Michalko or Maria Topolska. The Czechoslovak Club in Bulgaria is recently responsible for organising cultural activities of Slovaks and they have also published songs of Slovaks in Bulgaria under the title Ej, Bugári, Bugári (2008).