UNESCO World Heritage List lists cultural monuments and natural sites of particular importance, unique universal value, authenticity and integrity, which are important for present and future generations of all humanity. The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage was adopted in Paris in 1972. The Slovak Republic joined the Convention on March 31, 1993.
There have been so far 7 Slovak sites inscribed into the UNESCO World Heritage List (5 cultural monuments a 2 natural sites):
CULTURAL MONUMENTS INCLUDE:
• Banská Štiavnica – town and the technical monuments in its vicinity,
• Bardejov – town conservation reserve,
• Spišský hrad, Levoča and the associated cultural monuments (Spišská Kapitula, Spišské Podhradie and the Church of the Holy Spirit in Žehra),
• Vlkolínec – a monument reserve of folk culture,
• Wooden Churches of the Slovak part of the Carpathian Mountain Area:
• Hervartov – Roman Catholic Saint Francis Church in Hervartov,
• Tvrdošín – Roman-Catholic All Saints Church,
• Kežmarok – Articled Evangelical Church of Holy Trinity
• Leštiny – Wooden Articled Evangelical Church
• Hronsek – Wooden Articled Evangelical Church
• Hronsek – Bell Tower of the Wooden Articled Church
• Bodružal – Greek Catholic Wooden Church of St Nicolas
• Ladomirová – The Wooden Greek Catholic church of St. Michael the Archangel
• Ruská Bystrá – The Greek Catholic wooden Church of the relics of St. Nicholas the Bishop.
NATURAL HERITAGE MONUMENTS INCLUDE:
• The Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst – the following caves are publicly accessible: Domica complex, Gombasek Cave, Jasovská Cave, Ochtinská Aragonite Cave and Dobšinská Ice Cave,
• The Carpathian primeval beech forests of the Bukovské vrchy and Vihorlatské vrchy Mountains:
• Stužica – Bukovské vrchy Mountains,
• Vihorlat primeval beech forest.
SLOVAK INSCRIPTIONS INTO THE UNESCO REPRESENTATIVE LIST OF THE INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF HUMANITY HAVE BEEN SO FAR:
• Fujara – the most typical Slovak musical instrument,
• Music of Terchová – ‘heavenly ‘archaic folk music of Terchová and the neighbouring villages.
It can be expected that more Slovak sites will be entered into the UNESCO World Heritage List. Some of them have already been submitted and are waiting for the entry on the Tentative List of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites List.
PROPERTIES SUBMITTED ON THE TENTATIVE LIST OF THE UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES
• Limes Romanus – The Roman antique monuments on the Middle Danube,
• Gemer and Abov churches with the medieval wall paintings,
• System of fortifications in Komárno,
• The Chatam Sofer Memorial,
• Tokaj Wine Region, the complex of wine cellars,
• The concept of the lenticular historical town core of Košice City,
• Natural Reserves of Tatra Mountains (expected joint nomination with Poland),
• Karst Valleys of Slovakia (based on the selection of various types of karst valleys; spreading and reworking of the nomination proposal of the Slovak Paradise Gorge project, submitted on June 26, 1997),
• Natural and Cultural Landscape of Danube Region (expected joint nomination with the Czech Republic, Austria and Hungary),
• Fungal Flora of Bukovské Hills,
• Geyser in Herľany,
• Sites of Great Moravia: joint Czechoslovak nomination (Church of St. Margaret at Kopčany and Ducové, Kostolec, Great Moravian manor farm).
More information at: http://whc.unesco.org/